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How to Keep Your Grown Trees Healthy

Trees are beneficial not just for the look of your yard, but for their shade, and their benefits to wildlife and other plants. Protect them using these tips.

  • Know the type of trees you have, and their needs based on those. What type of soil is best for them to grow in? How much water do they need to get? Are they tolerant to drought? What are they sensitive to; strong wind, drought, pests, etc.?
  • Protect their roots: Healthy roots=healthy trees, so soil can affect their health. Compacted soil is detrimental; they need air space for their roots to receive adequate water and nutritional absorption. Imagine an imaginary circle on the ground around your tree, with its border based on where the branches above extend to. Don’t change the soil inside of this area right around the tree; it can truly affect its health.
  • Protect their bark: Bark protects trees from things like fungal and bacterial infections. Be aware of nearby sprinkler heads, branches that keep rubbing together, lawn equipment, cars, and anything else that could potentially harm them.
  • Protect them from drought: Usually grown trees have an easier time withstanding against water shortages and drought, but you still should probably take precautionary actions. They won’t need extra water in winter unless they’re very young. Give them infrequent, deep waterings in all other seasons if there’s a drought, and make sure their soil stays healthy.
  • Prune them if needed: Winter is the best time to prune your grown trees. If you’re not sure how to do this, get a professional’s help. Be aware of any branches that are crossing and rubbing together, broken and dead branches, and especially low branches.
  • Make sure their soil is healthy: Place a two to four-inch layer of mulch or leaves from your yard around your trees. This enriches the soil, aids nutrient absorption, and lets the soil retain moisture. If you don’t want to use mulch or fallen leaves, you can plant grasses or ground-covering, shade-tolerant plants; these will do what the mulch would have done. Be sure to use plants with spreading roots so they won’t compete with the trees’.

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